Know About Iranian Architecture

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Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Architecture A Brief Introduction and Marketing Tips

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Architecture is an art and science that marries the building and design of structures. In some ways one can say that, along with engineering, it is the sign of civilization. Once man was able to settle down and fashion his own dwelling, even by primitive means, this was the start of the first civilizations.

Originally, these structures were purely functional serving to keep people safe from bad weather and wild animals, and to give them privacy. But as modern construction procedures were developed, along with more advanced materials, architecture and engineering began to take a more artistic leaning.

The earliest treatise on the subject, De Architectura, was written by Vitruvius, dates back to the 1st Century CE. In it, the Roman architect says that a building has to have form, function, and durability. To this day, most architects still conform to those three tenets. It is probably even safe to say that some are more successful at adhering to those dogmas than others.

A few examples of these people are Frank Lloyd Wright, a major proponent of organic architecture who is often touted to be the greatest American architect of all time (famous for the house called Fallingwater and for the Guggenheim Museum in New York City); I.M. Pei, a master of modern architecture who created the pyramid at the Louvre and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong; Frank Gehry, who designed the Dancing House in Prague; and the landscape architect and artist, Isamu Noguchi, among many others.

If these names sound familiar to you, it’s probably because their works are admired the world for being beautiful while being both functional and enduring. You’re likely to see their buildings mentioned in architectural texts, art books and even featured in architecture postcard designs. These, by the way, are not only proof of how respected the geniuses mentioned above are but, also function as a way to market their work. Like a portfolio, one might say.

In fact, some people in the business might publish high quality books that double as coffee table books and company profiles. Or, perhaps, they might have architecture postcard designs and construction postcard designs printed on elegant cards to send to potential clients. Others still, might support these efforts with their own websites.

Struggles and New Approaches to Information Architecture

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Information architecture is defined as the outline or blueprint that describes how data and information is systematized, ordered, and controlled. Another definition of information architecture says that it is a system of spotting, managing, and controlling patterns in data. This data-handling technology aims to be able to make complex, ambiguous, and fuzzy sets of information, data, and other resources as simple and as understandable as they can be.

According to a business-related site, it has been unfortunate in these modern times that most business companies struggle in terms of the use of the technology of information architecture. Actually, some businesses are having difficulties even with the most basic applications of information. A significant quantity of companies still experiences difficulties in getting up-to-date, comprehensive, precise, and accurate views of the results of the projects and actions they have done previously. Companies now just create proposals for new, innovative, predictive, and analytical transformation and differentiation in terms of information handling and architecture in a diminishing effort. The result of this failure of the companies to value the technology being delivered by information architecture leads to the struggles they experience that are stated in this article. e.

Companies that are struggling in executing information architecture processes need to adapt a new one that suits their needs the best. In choosing a new style of information architecture, they must bear in mind that in the world of technology, the amount of information and data inputted into the Web is growing in a much rapid way. Also, the speed at which information is received has gone significantly faster than before. Data comes in various types, so an information architecture system must be flexible to such variety of files.

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Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

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Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Enterprise architecture helps enhance the business strategies

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IT industry is the leading sector in the commercial business world. It has many streams to develop the business and to leave the footprints across the globe. They are IT services, hardware implementation, software development, marketing and many more. Software development is the major stream to gain popularity with new innovative technologies and applications. There are numerous platforms and programming languages to develop several software programs and applications to enhance the business. They are Java, HTML, XML, C++, embedded C, Dotnet, visual basics, Siebel, primavera, oracle, SQL and many more. All these platforms are used to design, code and develop multiple applications both for web and desktop purpose.

These days, many organizations are looking for the new innovations to enhance the businesses. Enterprise architecture is the one, which can help organizations enhance the efficiency and flexibility. It helps the business to identify the marketing strategies in several ways to increase the competency and performance. This stream has the ability to translate these marketing insights and needs to common business language of IT strategy to maintain the relationship with the business line executives. It can solve several issues in business to understand the multiple products, platforms, strength and weakness. Generally, it is defined as the process of translating the business strategies into an effective way of enterprise.

These days, many organizations are offering enterprise architecture jobs to enhance their marketing ideas to give an outstanding performance. People, who enter into this field, are designated as enterprise architects. They can assist the organizations to accomplish the business values and to drive the smarter initiatives to improve the performance. Creation, improvement and communication is the key requirement for this architecture that is varied by the principles. It has improved the models with different specifications to describe the evolution. It has a good scope in the IT world with many processes and enterprises to get the benefits.

It has several frameworks such as IAF, EAF, DoDAF and TOGAF. These frameworks are also used to improve the flexibility and growth in the industry. It is the major applications to develop the communication among all kinds of business units to get more industrial needs. In today’s innovative world, many IT companies have implemented this stream to maintain the growth and unit relationship. It is important to manage the several requirements and units in the industry. For that, you have to develop the communication to avoid many hassles. Hence, enterprise architecture is the one to maintain these communication and relationship and improve the performance.

Get more information on: Enterprise Architecture Jobs & IT Service Desk Jobs

How is 3D printing technology used in Architecture and Medicine

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D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

3D printing for Architecture

Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

3D printing for Medicine

The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.

Architecture meets Industrial Design

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Title: Architecture meets Industrial Design

Text & Photography: Foster + Partners

Blurring the lines between architecture, interior design and industrial design, F+P once again prove that design is seamless and universal

Foster+Partners has proved its design prowess beyond the building industry and carries it forward to designing the interiors and furnishings for a commercial aircraft, drawing on its previous commissions for yachts and private jets.

Following the successful refurbishment of The Wing, Cathay Pacific’s flagship lounge at Hong Kong International Airport, the practice has carried the lounge’s sophisticated design into the first class cabin of the Boeing 777-300ER fleet refreshing the award-winning cabin.

The Wing, which opened earlier this year,is the second in a series of lounges by Foster + Partners for Cathay Pacific at HongKong International Airport. Every detail of the interiors,from the Champagne Bar to the bathroom fittings in the luxurious first class -cabanas’, has been custom-designed by the practice to create an exceptional experience for guests.

Besides the plush interiors, the lounges are furnished with a number of unique pieces designed by Foster + Partners, including a marble reception desk,food counter and a free-standing champagne bar with integrated trays – down to the detail of porcelain plates. Alongside the bespoke products and one-off furniture pieces, The Wing also features the Ilium cylindrical table light, developed with Nemo and the Foster 503 armchair by Walter Knoll.The highlight is the Cathay Solus Chair, the airline’s signature developed with Poltrona Frau that responds to the desire for privacy in the midst of a busy public space with its hourglass form and multi-utility constitution: the circular form incorporates a wide,comfortable seat, an integrated a power supply and a table, which can be used as an informal desk. The ribs of cushion at the back of the chair extend in places to form ridges, which can be used as armrests.

Creating a seamless experience for passengers, the cabin’s design shares the lounge’s palette of warm white leather,reflective dark grey surfaces and walnut finishes to create a calm, understated interior. Every element is considered and refined, including the stitch of the bespoke covers for Cathay Pacific’s celebrated first class seat, the handmade woollen carpet, the refurbished bathrooms and the new reading light, which has been custom-designed to cast fewer shadows when working or dining.

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Architecture Animation

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In today’s world of instant gratification, Architecture Animation is providing a virtual tour of the property in a future-completed state can be a very intense and emotional experience although it is in the concept stage in reality. Animation usually begins with the panoramic representation of the external features that include landscaping, hedges, fences, roads and exterior surroundings in general. The exterior view of the building shows the faade where architecture, materials and design can be understood. Architectural Animation is a small architectural movie created on a computer. An architectural animation is a series of hundreds or even thousands of still images. When these images are assembled and played back they produce a movie effect much like a real movie. The Architectural Animation project consisted of exterior and interior Visuals to help with design approval. The Architectural Development was accurately shown within the Architectural Visualizations and the Architectural Animation. It is possible to add a computer-created environment around the building to enhance reality and to better convey its relationship to the surrounding area; this can all be done before the project is built giving designers and stakeholders a realistic view of the completed project. Architectural Animation is now a key part in Architectural Project Development. In recent years the accelerating importance of animation in communicating architecture, it can take shape in a variety of ways – slick animated renderings bringing a prospective project to life, a finished project layered with music and a narrative bringing the emotive dimensions of a building to the surface, and even the purely conceptual expression of architecture as an artistic exploration. They represent an animation object of architecture by taking into consideration various geometrical entities and rules. Architecture Animation are made with focusing heavily on different factors like width, height, breadth, lines, surface with curves of building components. Considering in the avenue of film or in current events how time and cost consuming it could be to recreate an event. The architecture animation allows artists to create these events using models, than rendering the models, which provides life into the structure to create a sequence of events. Imagine that you want to make your building better than others in an effective manner. Then you will need something to make you very clear about how to build your proposed building structure. If you have some kind animation of your building well before it gets constructed, then it becomes a lot easier for you to achieve your goal. Animated buildings and animated interiors design for buildings are the best suitable option for you to do this.

Flexpod Net App – Innovative and Dominant Reference Architecture

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The converged infrastructure market finds the flexpod net app very innovative and dominant reference architecture. This data center platform from NetApp and Cisco has found appreciation from users worldwide. Many of these users choose to standardize it for mission-critical applications. This was introduced in the year 2010 and has left many impressed owing to its excellent features. The flex pod netapp scores the brownie points in terms of performance, scalability and availability. They can be found in different packages and are easy to deploy and manage. It won’t be out of context to say, they have created a buzz in the IT world worldwide. The availability of flexpodnetapp is the result of a business collaboration entered between Cisco and NetApp. Their joint efforts have been to enhance capabilities and add broader support to important applications. This is done to ensure the FlexPod is able to meet broadest possible range of IT requirements so that most business-critical applications can be run smoothly. They have been credited for supporting various types of data operating systems and virtualization of databases. Likewise, they have made efforts to address various infrastructure needs in the small and medium-sized entities. These enhancements have given the flexpodnetapp an edge in terms of higher-levels of integration. It has facilitated data centers to interconnect by offering them suitable equipment. This has, in a way, made it easy for entities to either scale up or scale out the performance. They have made storage virtualization simple which in turn has made business data management very easy. It also minimizes total cost of ownership dramatically. The technology used helps in logical demonstration of data as per requirements of virtual storage pools. In a sense, it allows you to focus on critical business applications rather than devote time on complexity of the hardware. The storage virtualization capacities come at various levels of storage hierarchy. This can be seen on all storage platforms. The network provisions are flexible and service providers can regulate flexpodnetapp depending on their needs for a specific period of time. This has given them the edge over other available options. Their biggest contribution has been its ability to provide service to more than 1000 servers. Of course, service providers interested to avail their services need to use Flex Pod in order to optimize their functioning. Flex Pod customers are proud to own one as it enables them to enjoy cloud management solutions. Its phenomenal success has prompted Cisco and NetApp to offer multiple data centre architectural designs. This has been accomplished with help of NetApp Cisco Flex pod project.

Victorian Architecture – Where Culture Meet Elegance

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The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.